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Demand-Side Management using Deep Learning for Smart Charging of Electric Vehicles

Karol Lina Lopez, Christian Gagné and Marc-André Gardner

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Abstract - The use of Electric Vehicles (EVs) load management is relevant to support electricity demand softening, making the grid more economic, efficient, and reliable. However, the absence of flexible strategies reflecting the self-interests of EV users may reduce their participation in this kind of initiative. In this work, we are proposing an intelligent charging strategy using Machine Learning (ML) tools, to determine when to charge the EV during connection sessions. This is achieved by making real-time charging decisions based on various auxiliary data, including driving, environment, pricing, and demand time series, in order to minimize the overall vehicle energy cost. The first step of the approach is to calculate the optimal solution of historical connection sessions using dynamic programming. Then, from these optimal decisions and other historical data, we train ML models to learn how to make the right decisions in real time, without knowledge of future energy prices and car usage. We demonstrated that a properly trained deep neural network is able to reduce charging costs significantly, often close to the optimal charging costs computed in a retrospective fashion.

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    author    = { Karol Lina Lopez and Christian Gagné and Marc-André Gardner },
    title     = { Demand-Side Management using Deep Learning for Smart Charging of Electric Vehicles },
    volume    = { 10 },
    number    = { 3 },
    year      = { 2019 },
    month     = { 5 },
    journal   = { IEEE Transactions on Smart Grid },
    web       = { https://doi.org/10.1109/TSG.2018.2808247 }

Dernière modification: 2018/02/17 par cgagne


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